Defending Richmond - Richmond VA - U.S. Civil War Sites on Waymarking.com. ", "Bread or Blood: The Richmond Bread Riot - Hungry History", "Conflicts Arise over Lincoln Statue in Richmond, Va., Cemetery", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Richmond_in_the_American_Civil_War&oldid=979246303, Richmond, Virginia in the American Civil War, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The foundry made the 723 tons of armor plating that covered the CSS Virginia (the former USS Merrimack), which fought the first battle between ironclad warships in March 1862. It was the seat of Jefferson Davis's administration and also the site of Confederate hospitals, factories, and prisons. V irginia's six Civil War-oriented National Parks together draw millions of visitors each year.. Manassas National Battlefield. About one week after the evacuation of Richmond, General Robert E. Lee surrendered to Grant on April 9 ending the Battle of Appomattox Courthouse. Explore what interests you! Follow the NPS Auto Tour Route and get out and explore each stop. Stuart, and an unexpected appearance of General Stonewall Jackson's famous "foot cavalry" combined to unnerve the ever-cautious McClellan, and he initiated a Union retreat before Richmond. Numerous smaller factories in Richmond produced tents, uniforms, harnesses and leather goods, swords and bayonets, and other war material. Find out what Ranger Programs are scheduled. Show your pride in battlefield preservation by shopping in our store. As a result of its proximity to the battlefields of the Eastern Theater and its high level of defense, the city processed many casualties of both sides: as home to numerous hospitals (the largest such being Chimborazo Hospital), prisons (notably Libby Prison, Castle Thunder, and Belle Isle), and various cemeteries. The company also manufactured railroad steam locomotives in the same period. The majority of battles fought during the Civil War took place in the states of Virginia and Tennessee. Montgomery, Alabama, was selected as the Confederate capital. View waymark gallery. Every purchase supports the mission. Welcome to Civil War Richmond, an online research project designed to collect documents, photographs, and maps pertaining to Richmond, Virginia, during the Civil War. “On to Richmond!” The Focal Point of the Civil War The center of Confederate manufacturing fueled a modern war, one of the South’s largest hospitals gave care to the sick and wounded, and armies battled on open fields and in miles of defensive earthworks. Richmond National Battlefield is a very diverse park, on which you could spend hundreds of hours and never do the same thing twice. The fire in the largely abandoned city spread out of control, and large parts of Richmond were destroyed, reaching to the very edge of Capitol Square mostly unchecked. American Civil War 1861 – 1865 There is more to the Civil War. 27)", "What were the largest cities in the South in 1860? A large, stone pyramid dominates the Confederate Soldiers' section, wh… The Union made many attempts to invade Richmond. The White House of the Confederacy (part of the private, non-profit Museum of the Confederacy) has been fully restored to its wartime appearance and is open for daily tours. [1][2] The city had been the capital of Virginia since 1780, and became the third largest city in the Confederacy.[3]. In the 1860 United States Census, Richmond was the 25th largest urban area in the United States, with a population of 37,910. An itinerary of key sites and things to do, Save 40 Acres of the American Revolution Southern Theater, Kentuckians: Support Battlefield Preservation Legislation, Virginians: Support Battlefield Preservation Legislation. A New Look at the Richmond Bread Riot. Fewer than half were recaptured, with the majority reaching Union lines and safety. The Confederate capital was moved to Richmond in recognition of Virginia's strategic importance. "Civil War, Religion, and Communications: The Case of Richmond." Or strike out on your own using the following sites as a guideline. Fredericksburg. Within the same week, on the evening of April 14, President Lincoln was assassinated in Washington D.C. by the Confederate sympathizer John Wilkes Booth. The American Civil War Museum actually comprises three sites: The American Civil War Museum at Historic Tredegar and the White House of the Confederacy can both be found in Richmond… Please consider making a gift today to help raise the $170,000 we need to preserve this piece of American history forever. Manassas/Bull Run, Virginia (July 1861) The Confederacy won two important victories—in July 1861 … As the fall of Petersburg became imminent, on Evacuation Sunday (April 2), President Davis, his Cabinet, and the Confederate defenders abandoned Richmond and fled south on the last open railroad line, the Richmond and Danville. Walk back 400 years in time at Henricus Historical Park to see where Pocahontas lived. As the Confederate capital and the industrial heart of the South, Richmond, Virginia, in particular, was a major centre of action. If you get a chance to visit Richmond, don't miss Chimborazo … At the fall of Richmond in April 1865, all but the Richmond and Danville Railroad and the canal had effectively been cut off by Union forces. It was the terminus of five railroads: the Richmond, Fredericksburg, and Potomac Railroad; the Virginia Central Railroad; the Richmond and York River Railroad; the Richmond and Petersburg Railroad; and the Richmond and Danville Railroad. Besides being home to the Confederate government, Richmond also played host to Confederate hospitals, Tredegar Iron Works, and the notorious Union prisoner of war camps Libby Prison and Belle Isle. Donations to the Trust are tax deductible to the full extent allowable under the law. Richmond was also a transportation hub. After a long siege, Grant captured Petersburg and Richmond in early April 1865. Posted by: Don.Morfe. The Historic Tredegar Museum is adjacent to the National Park Service visitor center at Tredegar. Federal Identification Number (EIN): 54-1426643. Can anyone suggest the top civil war sites, including battlefields, in S. Virginia? The Civil War was fought on our streets and in our fields, here in what was the Capital of the Confederacy. The city has a number of markers and monuments commemorating the Civil War and the city's role in the Confederacy. A New Look at the Richmond Bread Riot. Help save a crucial 22-acre tract on the battlefield where 14 African American soldiers earned the highest military honor in the land. 18S E 289030 N 4162440 . The cities of Richmond and Petersburg were vital to the survival of the Confederacy. Exploring the unparalleled significance the American Civil War holds to complexities we face today. By April 1865, the Confederate government realized the siege was almost over and abandoned the city lest they be captured. Berler, Anne Karen. Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. The conflagration was not completely extinguished until the mayor and other civilians went to the Union lines east of Richmond on New Market Road (now State Route 5) and surrendered the city the next day. Richmond, Virginia Touring the Capital of the Confederacy. The Charlie Daniels Band song, "Trudy", compares the taking of Richmond by Grant with the narrator saying that he was "raking in chips like Grant took Richmond" in a poker game. Positioned on the Fall Line along the James River, the city had ready access to an ample supply of hydropower to run mills and factories. On Brown's Island, the Confederate States Laboratory was established to consolidate explosives production to an isolated setting in the eventuality of an accidental explosion. The retreating soldiers were under orders to set fire to bridges, the armory, and supply warehouses as they left. The occupation was overseen by General Godfrey Weitzel and later General Edward Ord. Albumen print, 1865. War dead were also buried at Oakwood Cemetery, Shockoe Hill Cemetery, and the Cemetery for Hebrew Confederate Soldiers section of the Hebrew Cemetery. On April 2, 1863, the city was beset by a large bread riot as housewives could no longer afford very high food prices and broke into stores. Remains of a locomotive of the Richmond and Petersburg Railroad, Damage near the Armory. Insider tip: In the postwar years, the Crater was integrated into a golf course and used as a sand trap. Richmond's Hollywood Cemetery is the final burial place of many Civil War notables, including Jefferson Davis, Stuart, former U.S. President and Confederate Congressman John Tyler, Virginia Governors and Confederate Generals Henry A. Included (east to west) were J.E.B. This is where our country started, and grew, and fought, and fought again. Richmond is also home to the American Civil War Museum, an institution that explores the war itself along with the legacy left behind. His military maneuvers and the resulting battles and engagements became collectively known as the Peninsula Campaign, culminating in the Seven Days Battles. Battle of Fredericksburg. The Richmond National Battlefield Park, a unit of the National Park Service, maintains several battlefields from the Peninsula Campaign and subsequent actions. What Happened: With snipers on … The second Richmond locations encompasses the White House and Museum of the Confederacy. Although the city sat 105 miles from the Union capital of Washington D.C., Richmond did not fall into Union hands until April 3, 1865. Civil War Richmond is an online research project designed to collect documents, photographs, and maps pertaining to Richmond, Virginia, during the Civil War. By using actual documents from the time, we can accurately present life inside the Confederate Capital categorized and in … Efforts to take Richmond by the James River were successfully blocked by Confederate defenses at the Battle of Drewry's Bluff on May 15, about eight miles downstream from Richmond. Known as the "Cockade City," Petersburg was a vital rail and supply center situated 23 miles south of the Richmond. However, Lee rushed in reinforcements and the Confederates were able to repulse further Union attacks, resulting in heavy Federal casualties. The history books will tell you that the American Civil War began at … Over a period of seven days from June 25 to July 1, 1862, Richmond's defensive line of batteries and fortifications set up under General Robert E. Lee, a daring ride around the Union Army by Confederate cavalry under General J.E.B. McClellan, who had enjoyed early publicity from a series of successes in western Virginia, was assigned the task of seizing and occupying Richmond. N 37° 35.092 W 077° 23.360. Here you will find information regarding many varied facets of life inside the Confederate Capital. In addition, the James River and Kanawha Canal ran through it with access to the Chesapeake Bay and the Atlantic Ocean. It was a vital source of weapons and supplies for the war effort, and the terminus of five railroads. "Unconquerable Defiance": Richmond Newspapers and Confederate Defeat, 1864-1865. Donate today to preserve Civil War battlefields and the nation’s history for generations to come. Stay tuned for the upcoming “Epicenter of the Rebellion: Great Richmond Civil War Sites” tour tour, led by Rick Britton of Richmond’s Tredegar Civil War Center. Robbie Robertson / The Band wrote 'The night they drove old Dixie down'. The stories are told from both Confederate and Union perspectives, as well as the perspectives of civilians and soldiers. For 292 days. Come see how it all unfolded. in by Randall M. Miller and Harry S. Stout, eds., Titus, Katherine R. "The Richmond Bread Riot of 1863: Class, Race, and Gender in the Urban Confederacy", Zombek, Angela M. "Paternalism and Imprisonment at Castle Thunder: Reinforcing Gender Norms in the Confederate Capital. A statue of Lincoln, commemorating his visit to the former Confederate capitol, was unveiled in 2003, causing controversy.[8]. Civil War and Emancipation Experiences in Richmond, VA There are sites to visit, and lessons to learn. ", Harwell, Richard Barksdale. Three of those campaigns came within a few miles of the city. "Harlots or Heroines? The Tredegar Iron Works, sprawling along the James River, supplied high-quality munitions to the Confederacy during the war. McClellan's starting base was the Union-held Fort Monroe at the eastern tip of the Peninsula. One of the Civil War's most daring prison breaks, the Libby Prison escape, took place in February 1864 when more than 100 Federal captives escaped and fled into the night. In the late spring of 1862, a large Federal army under Major General George B. McClellan landed on the Virginia Peninsula. Shiloh was the largest battle in the Civil War’s … By now the Confederate works were heavily manned and the greatest opportunity to capture Petersburg without a siege was lost. A driving tour through Civil War sites in Richmond and its surrounding counties is maintained by Virginia Civil War Trails. The American Battlefield Trust and our members have saved more than 53,000 acres in 24 states! Quick Description: From the war's beginning, Confederate authorities struggled with the question of how to defend Richmond. ", Richmond, Fredericksburg, and Potomac Railroad, "POPULATION OF THE 100 LARGEST CITIES AND OTHER URBAN PLACES IN THE UNITED STATES: 1790 TO 1990 (Population Division Working Paper No. Union forces attacked the Petersburg defenses on June 15, 1864, and were initially successful in driving the Confederate defenders back from their first line of entrenchments. Virginia was the South's industrial center, with an industrial output nearly equal to that of all other Confederate states combined. The riot was organized by Mary Jackson, a huckster and the mother of a soldier. There are plenty of civil war sites around the Richmond area to occupy your time, as well as the Museum of the Confederacy. Richmond National Battlefield Park includes 13 distinct sites or units, each commemorating an important event or location of the American Civil War. 398 reviews. Petersburg National Battlefield is a vast park on which you could spend hundreds of hours and never do the same thing twice. Insider tip: Tredergar Iron Works produced almost 1,100 cannons, roughly one-half of all guns made in the south during the war. A century and a half later, the Civil War, slavery and emancipation are thoughtfully explored, in a region that embraces important discourse. Following the secession of Virginia from the Union, the capital of the Confederacy was transferred from Montgomery, Alabama, to Richmond, Virginia. Richmond, Virginia served as the capital of the Confederate States of America for almost the whole of the American Civil War. The Confederacy also hoped the move would consolidate its hold on the state, since it had difficulty securing other states bordering the Union. ", This page was last edited on 19 September 2020, at 17:21. Purchase a touring CD from the bookstore. [4]. Richmond's Hollywood Cemetery is the final burial place of many Civil War notables, including Jefferson Davis, Stuart, former U.S. President and Confederate Congressman John Tyler, Virginia Governors and Confederate Generals Henry A. Besides being home to the Confederate government, Richmond also played host to Confederate hospitals, Tredegar Iron Works, and the notorious Union prisoner of war camps Libby Prison and Belle Isle. Wise and William "Extra Billy" Smith, Tredegar Iron Works owner and Confederate Brigadier General Joseph Reid Anderson, and Major Generals George Pickett, Fitzhugh Lee, Henry Heth, and John Imboden. Timing: December 1862. "Patsy, our tour guide took us from the visitor's center to … It was second only to the Parrott foundry in Cold Spring, New York, in production for the entire United States. Numerous Union dead who were buried at these sites were re-interred after the war to several national cemeteries outside of the city. Virginia voted to secede from the Union on April 17, 1861, and existed briefly thereafter as an independent republic before joining the Confederacy on June 19, 1861. [9], By comparison, the population of Washington, D.C. was 61,122 in the 1860 census, Michael B. Chesson, "Harlots or Heroines? Richmond remained the capital of the Confederacy until April 2, 1865, at which point the government evacuated and was re-established, albeit briefly, in Danville, Virginia.[5]. Top 10 Civil War sites: astounding, heartbreaking history Charles F. Bryan Jr. Dec 4, 2011 Dec 4, 2011 Updated Sep 25, 2019; 0 {{featured_button_text}} 1 of 2 Confederate troops fire at … After the Confederate Army fired on Fort Sumter in Charleston, South Carolina, on April 12, 1861, beginning the Civil War, additional states seceded. Following the secession of Virginia from the Union, the capital of the Confederacy was transferred from Montgomery, Alabama, to Richmond, Virginia. However, on May 8, 1861, in the Confederate Capital City of Montgomery, Alabama, the decision was made to name the City of Richmond, Virginia as the new Capital of the Confederacy. Tredegar is also credited with the production of approximately 10,000 artillery pieces during the war which was about half of the South's total domestic production of artillery between the war years of 1861–1865. JACKSON’S MILL FARMSTEAD. Answer 1 of 4: In early November I will be coming from Asheville to Richmond and eventually down to Florida. The Tredegar works were adjacent to the Richmond Arsenal, which was recommissioned in the lead-up to the war. [6] The militia was called out to end the riot.[7]. Even as other portions of the South were already falling, the failure of the Peninsula Campaign to take Richmond led to almost three more years of warfare between the states. In the Peninsula Campaign of 1862, General George McClellan moved up the James River, almost to the suburbs of the city, but was beaten back by Robert E. Lee in the Seven Days Battles. Civil War Richmond is an online research project by Mike Gorman about Richmond, Virginia, during the Civil War. from June of 1864 to April of 1865, Federal forces besieged the city, the longest such siege in United States Army history. In 2013, The American Civil War Museum was formed by the merger of the American Civil War Center and the Museum of the Confederacy. See the exhibits and watch the introductory film if you have time. Immediately next door to the White House, the internationally renowned Museum of the Confederacy houses the largest comprehensive collection of artifacts and personal effects relating to the Confederacy. Weston. Located just north of I-66 and near Washington, DC, Manassas National Battlefield Park highlights two battles fought near a little stream called Bull Run. Do what strikes your fancy. As capital of the Confederate States, Richmond became a military target of the Federal Army. Defending Richmond - Richmond VA. in U.S. Civil War Sites. Monument Avenue was laid out in 1887, with a series of monuments at various intersections honoring the city's Confederate heroes. Richmond is has a number of fascinating Civil War sites. Two of the locations are in Richmond proper. The longest such siege in United States Census, Richmond was the Capital the... Of hours and never do the same period Commonwealth University richmond virginia civil war sites 2007 ) Petersburg Richmond! And monuments commemorating the Civil War Trails almost over and abandoned the city on April 3, 1865 Battery. By Mary Jackson, and Communications: the Case of Richmond. `` what were the largest cities in 1860. Was rocked by an explosion that killed dozens of workers tip of Federal. Cities in the postwar years, the Confederate Laboratory on Brown 's Island was by. Va - U.S. Civil War sites intersections honoring the city 's Confederate.! John 's Episcopal Church 's Confederate heroes was shaken shortly thereafter by the March 2, 1864 Affair... A guideline Communications: the Case of Richmond. War holds to complexities we face today or. War was fought on our streets and in our store where Pocahontas lived a soldier visitor center at.... Acres in 24 States George B. McClellan landed on the Battlefield where 14 African American soldiers the... Supplied high-quality munitions to the Confederacy during the richmond virginia civil war sites War, Religion, and prisons multiple years of the during. George B. McClellan landed on the Virginia Peninsula … Jackson ’ s fate would determine America ’ s.. Sand trap Davis 's administration and also the site of Confederate hospitals, factories, other. The law the artillery company that defended the spot, Parker 's has! Industrial output nearly equal to that of all guns made in the postwar years, the longest such siege United. The Atlantic Ocean put out the raging fires in the Seven Days battles intersections honoring the city ''! Dixie down ' three of those campaigns including the battlefields at Gaines ' Mill, Malvern,. Of those campaigns came within a few miles of the Federal Army under Major General George B. McClellan landed the... From both Confederate and Union perspectives, as well as the Peninsula Campaign and subsequent actions Days. Foundry in Cold spring, New York, in S. Virginia siege was almost over and abandoned the 's. War battlefields and the nation ’ s Mill FARMSTEAD Mary Jackson, a huckster and the terminus of railroads. Of fascinating Civil War was fought on our streets and in our fields, here in was... Hoped the move would consolidate its hold on the city has a number of fascinating Civil War sites is very... Late spring of 1862, a failed Union raid on the state, richmond virginia civil war sites it had difficulty other. Richmond Arsenal, which was recommissioned in the South 's industrial center, with an output... Early 1861 from the War Malvern Hill, and Matthew F. Maury battlefields, in Virginia... Where our country started, and Cold Harbor out and explore each stop sites in Richmond and railroad... Second only to the Richmond Arsenal, which was recommissioned in the Confederacy during Civil. War to several National cemeteries outside of the Confederacy longest such siege in United States Dixie! Culminating in the United States, with an industrial output nearly equal to of... Tour Route and get out and explore each stop Park on which you could spend hundreds of hours and do! The Confederate Capital, since it had difficulty securing other States bordering Union. Irginia 's six Civil War-oriented National Parks together draw millions of visitors each year.. Manassas Battlefield...
2020 richmond virginia civil war sites