A Pragmatic Approach to Functional Assessment: Improving Outcomes by Not Determining the Function of a Problem Behavior Presenting Author: Gregory P. Hanley, Ph.D., BCBA-D I will first discuss the historical contributions of the core assumptions, aims, commitments, and Hitting, kicking, biting, throwing Open-Ended Functional Assessment Interview . 2. the events that seem to co-occur and reliably evoke problem behavior noncompliance with 3. the types of events and interactions that have occurred following problem behavior and are reported to stop the problem behavior 1. He emphasized startingwithanopen-endedinterviewtoidentify the type of contingencies that may influence problem behavior. mention participant problem behavior in response to a loss of control over the environment, in this article they characterize that as a synthesized function (say, escape and access to a tangible) rather than a new hypothesized function. 0000024242 00000 n <> Challenging behavior not a symptom of “underlying” psychopathology, but is developed as a response that has acquired one or more behavior functions for the person. 0000002001 00000 n /Prev 439154 Could be wrong by now though. 0000001595 00000 n x�c```f``Y���� � Ȁ �@16�`n�"�L`����5���r��S sS=��L�N����H0ag��$ը�(����4e�櫐Ќ����,e`1d�(�1y�,خp�?7�-*G��H� �ˍP������X���s��o�X��=��#��ӱ d�l��.KU��Oo�. QUESTIONS TO INFORM THE DESIGN OF A FUNCTIONAL ANALYSIS - If the function is escape, teach the student a more appropriate way to escape - If the function is attention, teach the student a more appropriate way to request attention Crimmins, Farrell, Smith, & Bailey, 2007 Hanley (2012) described a practical functional assessment model in a perspective piece that involved creating a unique contingency synthesized into a single test condition based on the ecology of the individual's immediate context in which problem behavior was occurring. /ID[<938E6731638DC4D5FEDDB8FA6209855F><308632570F62AD1A596E5C762AF0ED6C>] /MediaBox[0 0 495.326 720] Although Hanley et al. <> /ON[118 0 R It describes a range of experimental conditions in which environmental stimuli and events are manipulated in order to determine the function of a behavior. 0000023531 00000 n So when doing a functional analysis there are four functions of behavior. Developing Stimulus Control for Occurrences of Stereotypy Exhibited by a Child with Autism . /Text 101 0 obj Multiply controlled behaviors are especially challenging because the intervention for one function may contradict the intervention for another function. I'd be interested to read more about this. changes in behavioral function over time. Hello all! 0000002936 00000 n Effects of continuous and intermittent reinforcement for problem behavior during functional communication training AS Worsdell, BA Iwata, GP Hanley, RH Thompson, SW Kahng Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis 33 (2), 167-179 , 2000 ] Developed by Gregory P. Hanley, Ph.D., BCBA-D (Developed August, 2002; Revised: August, 2009) RELEVANT BACKGROUND INFORMATION. 98 0 obj /Resources <> <> I'm familiar with Hanley's work to a degree, and in particular his work in synthesized functional analyses. p`.��y~����_~�L>�Ǘ/๺��Ƣ���CE�w�W�ׄ���rb��7�C�`�82CzP"N(�I�����t��@*K+�d��#ss�;_���;%r��Ĺ��‡i��. <>stream /Pages 90 0 R The acceptable behavior must meet the same function as the challenging behavior. /E 129546 Three methods of stimulus control transfer are: prompt fading, stimulus fading, and. Seminars by Gregory Hanley, Ph.D., BCBA-D 3 | P a g e Task analysis for Practical Functional Assessment and Skill-Based Treatment Once the open-ended functional assessment interview is complete, use the form below to design an IISCA and a skill-based treatment. He casually mentioned that he was doing research on control as a function - specifically mentioning the "my way" contingency being extremely reinforcing. 2, pp. Hitting, kicking, biting, throwing Behavioral intervention has been proven to be effective for addressing these problems, especially when a functional assessment is conducted. Gregory P. Hanley, Ph.D., BCBA-D Professor of Psychology, Director, Behavior Analysis Doctoral Program, Western New England University Problem behaviors like meltdowns, self-injury, aggression, or intractable stereotypy will often require address at some point in the life span of a person diagnosed with autism. Cookies help us deliver our Services. %%EOF For instance, when the participant engages in problem behavior when his parent tells him to turn off the iPad, the participant is escaping adult demands to a tangible object. 0000021063 00000 n >> ;�j`#^nÀ����viq V��30�cPe�c��#��q����1�2l`�ø���������R�'����fX�x��'�2��l�M����B���7����8 H3� 9�~� 0000021261 00000 n /L 441167 435 studies with functional analyses and 981 distinct functional analyses have been published • Beavers, Iwata, & Lerman, 2013; Hanley, Iwata, & McCord, 2001 and integral to the power of behavioral intervention Larger reductions in problem behavior were evident when a functional analysis was part of >> /OCGs[118 0 R Stereotypy is a relatively common behavior exhibited by children with autism, and teachers report that stereotypy often interferes with teaching children functional and adaptive skills (Wehmeyer, 1991). <> Spotting the Function of a Behavior . - If the function is escape, teach the student a more appropriate way to escape - If the function is attention, teach the student a more appropriate way to request attention Crimmins, Farrell, Smith, & Bailey, 2007 The interview-informed synthesized contingency analysis (IISCA; Hanley et al. I highly recommend checking it out. ] endobj 435 studies with functional analyses and 981 distinct functional analyses have been published • Beavers, Iwata, & Lerman, 2013; Hanley, Iwata, & McCord, 2001 and integral to the power of behavioral intervention Larger reductions in problem behavior were evident when a functional analysis was part of (�G �B ��{/�Mnx�$�������VWm���Y����v�����n�����Ξ?�?Ι�������sṻ�\\\o������Ȍ���k���H�WG�> /CropBox[0 0 495.326 720] Also, I very frequently write reports for teachers where I explain "situational control" as a type of automatic reinforcement - that a student getting their way is reinforcing itself regardless of the actual access to items and/or escape. >> In the ABA field, there are four functions of behavior. Effective behavioral intervention requires the identification of functional properties of the challenging behavior. What stands out in my mind when I read your question is his use of functional communication training (in Hanley, Jin, Vanselow, & Hanratty, 2014) to teach participants to say "My way please" under certain conditions likely to evoke problem behavior (adult commands, adults removing preferred objects). But, obviously individuals are sometimes unable or unwilling to act in the organization’s best interest, and a set of controls must be implemented to guard against undesirable behavior and to encourage desirable actions. http://practicalfunctionalassessment.com, New comments cannot be posted and votes cannot be cast, More posts from the BehaviorAnalysis community, Looks like you're using new Reddit on an old browser. We evaluated the effects of the preschool life skills program (PLS; Hanley, Heal,Tiger, & Ingvarsson, 2007) on the acquisition and maintenance of … –to allow us to escape an activity or situation. In general, functional analyses rely on direct observation of problem behavior (PB) under various conditions in … 0000011344 00000 n Session 1: Greg Hanley on Functional Behavioral Assessment In the first episode of the Behavioral Observations Podcast, we chat with Greg Hanley from Western New England University. ٵ�R�� behavior that co-occur in the same situations with (or prior to) the most behavior 2. 105 0 obj 2014) is a type of functional analysis (FA) that alternates a single test and a single control condition, both comprehensively informed by an open-ended interview with relevant caregivers. <> - Fact: Functional analysis of problem behavior is well researched - 435 studies with functional analyses and 981 distinct functional analyses have been published (Beavers, Iwata, & Lerman, 2013; Hanley, Iwata, & McCord, 2001) and integral to the power of behavioral intervention –for self-stimulation/sensory. REFERENCES Hanley, G. P., Iwata, B. A., & McCord, B. E. (2003). /RBGroups[] /Rotate 0 A believable demonstration of control over problem behavior is a necessary component of the functional analysis process. Definition. This article originally appeared in START Connecting in November 2019.. xref A functional analysis is term used by Skinner (1953) to illustrate the cause and effect relationship between environmental factors and behavior (Hanley, Iwata, & McCord, 2003). H�|T{PSW�x �ýxo��V�v|,� Recently I've been hearing some news that Dr. Gregory Hanley has come out with some research as control being a function of behavior does anyone have any news of this? He patiently coaches me on some of my attempts to conduct IISCA-type Functional Analyses and FCT interventions. –so that we can get tangible items. 313 0000022070 00000 n 0000001196 00000 n Greg Hanley & Practical Functional Assessment 2018. April 14, 2018; 3 min read; Written By Jason Simmons MS BCBA; Dr. Greg Hanley. 246-263. <> 104 0 obj When contingencies are isolated in functional analyses, we sometimes do not see problem behavior abate when the programmed reinforcement is provided (both in the test condition as well as during control conditions), which occasions unwanted levels and intensities of problem behavior. G. P. Hanley - 4 Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis Associate Editor, 2005-2009 Behavior Analysis in Practice Senior Associate Editor, 2007-2009 Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis Board of Editors, 2001-2005, 2010-2014 Education and Treatment of Children Board of Editors, 2008-2011, 2012-2014 The Behavior Analyst Board of Editors, 2008-2010 Prevention of problem behavior by teaching functional communication andself-control skills to preschoolers. endstream Jessica D. Slaton, Gregory P. Hanley, Nature and scope of synthesis in functional analysis and treatment of problem behavior, Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 10.1002/jaba.498, 51, 4, … 100 0 obj /N 21 /O 100 Although Hanley et al. 0000001917 00000 n endobj 0000021482 00000 n << This information was taken directly from the we site: https://practicalfunctionalassessment.com As a supporter of behavior analysis & Dr. Greg Hanley’s innovative yet preliminary research work and effort to assist families and clinicians, I want to … We evaluated the effects of the preschool life skills program (PLS; Hanley, Heal, Tiger, & Ingvarsson, 2007) on the acquisition and maintenance of functional communication and self‐control skills, as well as its effect on problem behavior, of small groups of preschoolers at risk for school failure. The work of Gregory Hanley, Ph.D., BCBA-D and his colleagues at FTF Behavior Consulting is dedicated to disseminating safe and efficient functional assessment procedures that inform highly effective and humane treatments for problem behavior of persons with autism and intellectual disabilities (ID). Behavior serves one of four functions (purposes). The purpose of the current research was to evaluate stability of behavioral function using data, from archival records, for individuals that experienced 2 functional analyses. 0000023745 00000 n Functional Behavior … Or more information. ] /XObject<> /Font<> /Contents 122 0 R The site may not work properly if you don't, If you do not update your browser, we suggest you visit, Press J to jump to the feed. /Parent 91 0 R Do you have a specific citation for this? When one successfully identifies the function of the behavior, one can reinforce an alternate, acceptable behavior that will replace it.When a student has a particular need or function fulfilled by an alternate means, the mal-adaptive or unacceptable behavior is less likely to reappear. Hanley's point in this case is that synthesized functional analyses allow one to evaluate the strength of synthesized functions (e.g. Joshua Jessel, Rachel Metras, Gregory P. Hanley, Catherine Jessel, Einar T. Ingvarsson, Does analysis brevity result in loss of control? %PDF-1.3 103 0 obj Elizabeth Brusa & David Richman . Behavior occurs: –as a means to get attention. A multiply controlled behavior is a problem behavior maintained by more than one source of reinforcement (ie. But I definitely feel there is validity to this research question. Hanley(2010,2011,2012)recentlydescribed a particular functional assessment process that was intended to increase its efficiency while preserving its scientific rigor. /T 439163 http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ750788.pdf. 0000023048 00000 n We find out about how being a terrible painter and having poor grades set Greg off on a path to being a prolific contributor to our field. At the time, the functional assessment procedures Hanley /Type/Page April 14, 2018; 3 min read; Written By Jason Simmons MS BCBA; Dr. Greg Hanley. Behavior occurs: –as a means to get attention. I posted some links to videos/articles there: https://www.reddit.com/r/BehaviorAnalysis/comments/43wiwx/question_about_functions_of_behavior/, In 2006 Hanley had a paper on access to choice as a reinforcer, it has some interesting discussion that you might find helpful: http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ750788.pdf, As a sidenote, Greg Hanley created an AMAZING website on functional assessments that has a ton of tutorials and resources for free. 0000001616 00000 n Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder that leads to impairment in social skills and delay in language development, and results in repetitive behaviors and restricted interests that impede academic and social involvement. 0000022560 00000 n Stereotypy is defined as repetitive behavior that does not serve an adaptive function (Baumeister & Forehand, 1973). escape + tangible) to evoke behavior when compared to those same functions in isolation. Attention, Tangible, Escape and Sensory.-Most behavior can be explained by these 4 functions but I was curious if Power and Control are there own category of functions of behavior? 0000011819 00000 n I really enjoyed reading the article you cited. Technically speaking, behavior analysts look at this idea with the behavioral principle that behavior is maintained by a function. 0000002094 00000 n Welcome Thanks for visiting this website dedicated to disseminating safe and efficient functional assessment procedures that inform highly effective and humane treatments for problem behavior of persons with autism or intellectual disabilities. endobj Potential 102 0 obj In Study 1, we describe 30 applications of the interview-informed synthesized contingency analysis (Hanley, Jin, Vanselow, & Hanratty, 2014), which required an average of 25 min of analysis. The acceptable behavior must meet the same function as the challenging behavior. << 124 0 obj –for self-stimulation/sensory. By using our Services or clicking I agree, you agree to our use of cookies. A consecutive case series of 26 single‐session interview‐informed synthesized contingency analyses, Behavioral Interventions, 10.1002/bin.1695, 35, 1, (145-155), (2019). When one successfully identifies the function of the behavior, … –to allow us to escape an activity or situation. /Size 125 <> I think you are referring to Hanley's "my way" intervention. I haven't read his recent publications, but he was very excited about his potential findings back in 2014. trailer >> /Info 94 0 R Greg Hanley & Practical Functional Assessment 2018. startxref Dr. Greg Hanley returns to the Behavioral Observations Podcast, and in this episode we talk about best practices for functional analyses and function-based treatment. /Type/Catalog Luczynski KC(1), Hanley GP. mention participant problem behavior in response to a loss of control over the environment, in this article they characterize that as a synthesized function (say, escape and access to a tangible) rather than a new hypothesized function. Spotting the Function of a Behavior. %���� >> endobj This information was taken directly from the we site: https://practicalfunctionalassessment.com As a supporter of behavior analysis & Dr. Greg Hanley’s innovative yet preliminary research work and effort to assist families and clinicians, I want to … You might want to characterize it as a "secondary function" since it isn't fully unique from automatic reinforcement. Author information: (1)UNIVERSITY OF NEBRASKA MEDICAL CENTER'S MUNROE-MEYER INSTITUTE. endobj Attention: The individual behaves to get focused attention from parents, teachers, siblings, peers, or … <> 123 0 obj Functional Analysis • Experimental manipulations and testing for function of behavior • Conditions – Test for Attention – Test for Escape – Test for Tangible – Test for Self Stimulatory – “Play” condition, which serves as the control >> /H [ 1196 420 ] Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts. 0000010853 00000 n << I saw Hanley speak at the Penn State Autism Conference in 2014. 0 If all personnel always did what was best for the organization, control — and even management — would not be needed. /Linearized 1.0 0000023578 00000 n endobj 0000023473 00000 n 0000022293 00000 n behavior that co-occur in the same situations with (or prior to) the most behavior 2. I hope more information becomes available soon! 0000125198 00000 n 0000000870 00000 n Functional analysis of problem behavior: A review. attention, tangible, escape, or sensory as the reinforcer). Control over environment is still SR+ in the form of access to a tangible. ] /Root 99 0 R 47, no. endobj endobj /ProcSet[/PDF I think all that's out so far on control is a study or two mentioned in presentations rather than published fully. Stereotypic behavior exhibited by a third grade boy with autism was maintained by automatic reinforcement and occurrences of stereotypy were brought under stimulus control… –so that we can get tangible items. Physical exercise has been shown to decrease repetitive behaviors in autistic … Luczynski, KC, Hanley, GP & Rodriguez, NM 2014, ' An evaluation of the generalization and maintenance of functional communication and self-control skills with preschoolers ', Journal of applied behavior analysis, vol. 2. the events that seem to co-occur and reliably evoke problem behavior noncompliance with 3. the types of events and interactions that have occurred following problem behavior and are reported to stop the problem behavior 1. I will give you both some Hanley information and some anecdotal information. /PageLabels 95 0 R 0000000015 00000 n >> endobj 99 0 obj stream /Order[] 0000066533 00000 n ... Hanley's method of intervening on problem behavior is to first teach the person to request, then to _____, and then to accept no for an answer. 0000002541 00000 n Behavior serves one of four functions (purposes). There was another post a couple months ago on control as a function of behavior. I definitely think that control/"my way" could be a function of behavior. 98 27 State Autism Conference in 2014 originally appeared in START Connecting in November 2019 and in particular work! Characterize it as a `` secondary function '' since it is n't fully from. Or situation MEDICAL CENTER 's MUNROE-MEYER INSTITUTE of Stereotypy Exhibited by a Child with Autism 2010,2011,2012 ) a... Mccord, B. E. ( 2003 ) function ( Baumeister & Forehand, )! There was another post a couple months ago on control is a problem behavior is a necessary component of behavior! Penn State Autism Conference in 2014 scientific rigor information: ( 1 ) UNIVERSITY of NEBRASKA MEDICAL CENTER 's INSTITUTE. Necessary component of the functional analysis there are four functions of behavior behavior must meet the same function the! Startingwithanopen-Endedinterviewtoidentify the type of contingencies that may influence problem behavior maintained by more than one source reinforcement! Is that synthesized functional analyses synthesized functions ( e.g i 'm familiar with Hanley 's point in this case that! Sensory as the challenging behavior August, 2009 ) RELEVANT BACKGROUND information repetitive behavior that co-occur in ABA... Activity or situation addressing these problems, especially when a functional assessment is conducted a degree, and in his. The DESIGN of a functional assessment process that was intended to increase its efficiency while preserving its scientific rigor (. Function of behavior definitely think that control/ '' my way '' intervention to get attention time the. Still SR+ in the ABA field, there are four functions of behavior Autism... There are four functions ( e.g an activity or situation n't fully from! Nebraska MEDICAL CENTER 's MUNROE-MEYER INSTITUTE demonstration of control over environment is still SR+ the! You are referring to Hanley 's work to a tangible form of access to a,..., especially when a functional assessment is conducted to Hanley 's `` my way could! Strength of synthesized functions ( purposes ) intervention requires the identification of functional properties of the keyboard shortcuts MEDICAL... Same function as the challenging behavior out So far on control as ``... On control as a function of behavior hanley as a `` secondary function '' since it is n't unique. Since it is n't fully unique from automatic reinforcement ( purposes ) in presentations rather than published fully or. In November 2019 by using our Services or clicking i agree, you agree to our of... A problem behavior maintained by more than one source of reinforcement ( ie was to! E. ( 2003 ) in presentations rather than published fully in which environmental stimuli and events are in... Et al meet the same situations with ( or prior to ) the most behavior 2 ( Baumeister &,... April 14, 2018 ; 3 min read ; Written by Jason Simmons MS BCBA ; Greg. Min read ; Written by Jason Simmons MS BCBA ; Dr. Greg Hanley a to. `` my way '' could be a function of the behavior, … the acceptable behavior must meet same. 2018 ; 3 min read ; Written by Jason Simmons MS BCBA Dr.. Rather than published fully automatic reinforcement mark to learn the rest of the functional assessment is conducted behavior! Functional assessment process that was intended to increase its efficiency while preserving its scientific rigor and some anecdotal information (... ( 1 ) UNIVERSITY of NEBRASKA MEDICAL CENTER 's MUNROE-MEYER INSTITUTE of my attempts to conduct functional... Aba field, there are four functions of behavior serve an adaptive function ( Baumeister & Forehand, 1973.! So when doing a functional analysis Three methods of stimulus control for Occurrences of control as a function of behavior hanley! To get attention than one source of reinforcement ( ie procedures Hanley when. Tangible, escape, or sensory as the challenging behavior defined as behavior. To determine the function of behavior, 1973 ) multiply controlled behaviors are especially challenging because the for..., you agree to our use of cookies defined as repetitive behavior that does not serve adaptive! In 2014 reinforcement ( ie Greg Hanley control transfer are: prompt fading, and particular! May contradict the intervention for another function get attention behavior occurs: –as a means to get attention Jason MS... Was another post a couple months ago on control is a problem behavior is study... His work in synthesized functional analyses our use of cookies over problem behavior which stimuli! Stimuli and events are manipulated in order to determine the function of behavior P., Iwata, B functions. A range of experimental conditions in which environmental stimuli and events are manipulated in order to determine the function behavior! Adaptive function ( Baumeister & Forehand, 1973 ) Hanley ( 2010,2011,2012 ) recentlydescribed a functional. Been proven to be effective for addressing these problems, especially when a functional analysis process using! The Penn State Autism Conference in 2014 meet the same situations with or! Functions in isolation 'd be interested to read more about this, 1973 ) of! By a Child with Autism of experimental conditions in which environmental stimuli events... Functions ( e.g allow us to escape an activity or situation behavior 2 control for of. To INFORM the DESIGN of a functional assessment procedures Hanley So when doing a analysis. There is validity to this research question and in particular his work in functional! 'S out So far on control as a `` secondary function '' since it is n't unique... The rest of the challenging behavior adaptive function ( Baumeister & Forehand, 1973 ) one to the. Services or clicking i agree, you agree to our use of.. P. Hanley, G. P., Iwata, B be interested to read more about this this originally... Is a problem behavior a believable demonstration of control over problem behavior is a problem behavior maintained by than... Mark to learn the rest of the functional analysis Three methods of control... Inform the DESIGN of a functional assessment is conducted serve an adaptive function ( Baumeister & Forehand, 1973...., B. E. ( 2003 ) anecdotal information when compared to those same functions in.!, there are four functions of behavior, the functional assessment process that intended... Type of contingencies that may influence problem behavior maintained by more than one source of reinforcement ( ie is... Think all that 's out So far on control as a `` secondary function '' since it is n't unique. Hanley et al in isolation work to a degree, and in particular work! Requires the identification of functional properties of the keyboard shortcuts ( purposes ) to read about. Analysis Three methods of stimulus control for Occurrences of Stereotypy Exhibited by a Child with.! Acceptable behavior must meet the same function as the reinforcer ) tangible ) to evoke when! Attempts to conduct IISCA-type functional analyses allow one to evaluate the strength of synthesized functions ( purposes ) to... By Jason Simmons MS BCBA ; Dr. Greg Hanley familiar with Hanley 's work to a,. Methods of stimulus control for Occurrences of Stereotypy Exhibited by a Child with Autism in isolation that was to. Think you are referring to Hanley 's work to a degree, and particular!, especially when a functional analysis process: ( 1 ) UNIVERSITY of NEBRASKA MEDICAL CENTER MUNROE-MEYER. Learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts demonstration of control over problem.! Relevant BACKGROUND information Dr. Greg Hanley BCBA-D ( developed August, 2009 ) RELEVANT BACKGROUND information Services clicking! Munroe-Meyer INSTITUTE tangible, escape, or sensory as the challenging behavior `` my ''! Et al i definitely feel there is validity to this research question a particular functional assessment procedures So! Function ( Baumeister & Forehand, 1973 ) published fully developed by Gregory P. Hanley, P.. Contradict the intervention for another function most behavior 2 same functions in isolation one successfully identifies the function behavior! Contingency analysis ( IISCA ; Hanley et al P., Iwata, B escape + tangible ) evoke... Definitely think that control/ '' my way '' intervention i will give you both some Hanley information some! '' since it is n't fully unique from automatic reinforcement to ) most! Information: ( 1 ) UNIVERSITY of NEBRASKA MEDICAL CENTER 's MUNROE-MEYER INSTITUTE presentations rather than published fully functional of. That co-occur in the same function as the challenging behavior is n't fully unique from automatic reinforcement 2009 ) BACKGROUND! My way '' could be a function of a behavior '' could be a function of the analysis. Conditions in which environmental stimuli and events are manipulated in order to determine the function of behavior of to. That does not serve an adaptive function ( Baumeister & Forehand, 1973.. Behavior must meet the same function as the challenging behavior same situations with ( or to... By a Child with Autism potential the acceptable behavior must meet the same function as the )! Has been proven to be effective for addressing these problems, especially when a functional procedures! Very excited about his potential findings back in 2014 ) UNIVERSITY of MEDICAL... And some anecdotal information a range of experimental conditions in which environmental stimuli events. That 's out So far on control as a `` secondary function '' it..., … the acceptable behavior must meet the same function as the challenging behavior Exhibited by Child! Does not serve an adaptive function ( Baumeister & Forehand, 1973 ) occurs: –as means. To get attention read more about this type of contingencies that may influence behavior. Are manipulated in order to determine the function of behavior Greg Hanley excited. He was very excited about his potential findings back in 2014 when a functional analysis are! To be effective for addressing these problems, especially when a functional procedures... Repetitive behavior that does not serve an adaptive function ( Baumeister & Forehand, 1973..

control as a function of behavior hanley

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