Eggplant (US, Australia, New Zealand, anglophone Canada), aubergine (UK, Ireland, Quebec) or brinjal (South Asia, South Africa) is a plant species in the nightshade family Solanaceae. Breeding in Brinjal 1. Solanum melongena is grown worldwide for its edible fruit. Word Origin based on Portuguese berinjela, from Arabic al-bād̲injān (based on Persian bādingān, from Sanskrit vātiṃgaṇa). During the Renaissance, the Italians coined the term mala insana for eggplant, which means mad apple, while the Greeks gave … Brinjal has been cultivated in India for the last 4000 years or so and has many historical references in various languages. The glorious history of the humble Brinjal We gave the vegetable to the rest of the world. Origin and distribution Brinjal is originated in Indo- Burma region (Vavliov, 1926). Solanum melongena (Brinjal egg-plant or aubergine) and its wild relative S incanum sensu lato, from Asia and Africa, were investigated by crossability, morphology, seed coat SEM, seed protein electrophoresis and leaf isozyme analysis of 70 accessions. The definition given, "The East Indian name of the fruit of the egg-plant", is not entirely accurate. Origins are diffuse in both time and space, and consequently brinjal noun /ˈbrɪndʒl/ ... (= a vegetable with shiny dark purple skin that is soft and white inside) Topics Food c2. Like Bt cotton, Bt brinjal carries an additional gene that provides in-built insect protection against fruit and shoot borer (FSB). The term brinjal is less common that is heard in countries like India. Contents • Introduction & classification • Origin • Breeding objectives • Breeding methods • References 3. The Bt brinjal is a suite of transgenic brinjals created by inserting a crystal protein gene from the soil bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis into the genome of various brinjal cultivars. Brinjal is also the 3,024,566 th most commonly used first name in the world, borne by 14 people. Other than France this surname is found in 2 countries. Even today, an eggplant is now called a brinjal in India. 1. Also, this word is colloquially used in the Indian sub-continent. Origin of Brinjal : India is the Centre of Origin for Brinjal or Eggplant. Up-dated distribution information on S. in-canum depicts a typically Saharo-Sindian pattern whereby, if India were deemed to be the centre of origin of brinjal, then future studies into ancient landraces in the northwest of the country might pro-vide fruitful information on domestica-tion events. maxqnz commented on the word brinjal. The word is not used much among English speakers anywhere else. My Anglo-Indian father calls it brinjal, but it seems that this word is only preferred by Anglo-Indians. 1 Its fruit is high in nutrition and commonly consumed as a vegetable.The fruit and other parts of the plant are used in traditional medicine. It may be considered that India is either a centre of diffuse origin or even only a centre of diversity. Like the name "aubergine," "brinjal" took a linguistic journey from the Arabic “albadingen.” But instead of Persian, it was Portuguese--which calls the eggplant "beringela"--that influenced the word. In Indian English among first-language Punjabi and Hindi speakers, the more common word is baingan. 2 Origin and distribution Wild brinjal can be found growing in Malaysia and India. There is a possibility of multiple origin and domestication events, which needs to be studied further. Brinjal eggplant is a new vegetable in Poland. Information obtained supports the hypothesis that S. incanum sensu lato groups A and B (S. camphlacanthum etc. This etymology says that the India English term derives via French, Catalan, Spanish, Arabic, Persian, from Sanskrit. Brinjal. Alternative forms Brinjal is the name for eggplant used in India, and derived its name during the 16th and 17th centuries from the Portuguese word beringela. Find more similar words at wordhippo.com! Brinjal derived its name during the 16th and 17th centuries from the Portuguese word beringela. Its close relatives: S. aethiopicum (scarlet eggplant) and S. macrocarpon (Gboma eggplant) are of African origin. Information and translations of brinjal in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on … Other Names. of origin of brinjal. The Turks, the Italians and everybody else took it from us, writes Vir Sanghvi. Although it has a long and rich history, brinjal did not always hold the … In “Origin of cultivated plants” published in 1886, De Candolle, stated that the species S. melongena has been known in India from ancient times and regarded it as a native of Asia. The last name is most commonly used in France, where it is held by 1 people, or 1 in 66,422,722. Origin & distribution. Brinjal is the name of a fruit belonging to the Solanales order and the Solanum genus. In “Origin of cultivated plants” published in De Candolle (1986), stated that the species S. melongena has been known in India from ancient times and regarded it as a native of Asia. brinjal (plural brinjals) (India, Malaysia, Pakistan) An aubergine or eggplant. What is the meaning of Brinjal? Definition of brinjal in the Definitions.net dictionary. Learn the origin and popularity plus how to pronounce Brinjal Synonyms for brinjal include eggplant, aubergine, baingan, brown jolly and melongene. Brinjal definition: a tropical Old World solanaceous plant, Solanum melongena, widely cultivated for its... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples The Brinjal was introduced to the Western world only much later. brinjal (English)thumb right brinjal Origin & history From Portuguese brinjela, ultimately from Sanskrit भण्टाकी (bhaṇṭākī, "aubergine").Sanskrit word is likely of Dravidian origin, from the source that also ultimately gave English aubergine. What does brinjal mean? If you experience drowsiness, dizziness, hypotension or a headache as side-effects when using Brinjal medicine then it may not be safe to drive a vehicle or operate heavy machinery.One should not drive a vehicle if using the medicine makes you drowsy, dizzy or lowers your blood-pressure extensively. The ancestors of brinjal grew wild in south India and were in cultivation in southern and eastern Asian countries since prehistoric times. How popular is the baby name Brinjal? It is grown all over the country, year-round and is one of the most popular vegetables of India. brinjal is a biotech crop developed using Bt technology and transformation process similar to the one exploited in Bt cotton. Brinjal is considered a native to India where the major domestication of large fruited cultivars occurred. Look it up now! brinjal definition: 1. The brinjal eggplant has a long history of cultivation (see Daunay and Janick, 2007; Wang et al., 2008), and is thought to have been domesticated in Asia several times (Daunay and Hazra, 2012; Meyer et al., 2012). Check pronunciation: brinjal. Learn more. Meaning of brinjal. Brinjal eggplant is a new vegetable in Poland. Brinjal definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. Indian English or South African English for aubergine 2. Brinjal eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) is an agronomically important non-tuberous crop of Solanaceae family, native to southern India, and widely grown in Americas, Europe and Asia. What is Brinjal? In France Brinjal is primarily concentrated in: Île-de-France, where 100 percent reside. Development of Bt Brinjal: Bt. Origin of BRINJAL Portuguese bringella, beringela , from Arabic bādhinjān , from Persian bādingān , probably from Sanskrit vātin ̇ gaṇa This word doesn't usually appear in our free dictionary, but the definition from our premium Unabridged Dictionary is offered here on a limited basis. That suggests to me that the word is clearly more congenial than aubergine or eggplant to English speakers in India. Wild eggplants produce small, bitter, multi-seeded fruits, almost always inedible, and the plant is generally very spiny. India is the second largest producer of brinjal in the world next to China and produces 83.47 lakh tonnes from an area of 5.02 lakh ha. Damage symptoms Larva bores into tender shoots and causes withering of terminal shoots / dead hearts - also bores petioles of leaves, flower buds and developing buds, causes withering of leaves, shedding of … Although, the brinjal eggplant is considered to be a vegetable of Asian origin, most eggplant wild relatives are from Africa (Weese and Bohs, 2010). I found out only recently that the name 'Brinjal' is derived from the Portuguese name 'Beringela', whose pronunciation is very similar to the English name. Brinjal Breeding NAVEEN JAKHAR 2. Vavilov (1928) was of the opinion that its centre of origin was in the Indo-Burma region. etymology of brinjal . Its close relatives: S. aethiopicum (scarlet eggplant) and S. macrocarpon (Gboma eggplant) are of African origin. Indian English or South African English…. Brinjal is a native of India and Sri Lanka. Brinjal (Solanum melongena), also known as eggplant or aubergine, is an easily cultivated plant belonging to the family Solanaceae. 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origin of brinjal

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